This small, but truly wonderful bird conquered the world!
Canary - a bird of the family of finches. In nature, a common bird on Canary Islands, the Azores and Madeira. In the 15th century brought to Europe and domesticated. We derive a lot of ornamental rocks and beautiful singing canaries.
Wild canary (Serinus canaria) — bird of small size (body length of 12-14 cm). The plumage of the male greyish-green with dark longitudinal streaks on the abdomen of the greenish-yellow. The plumage of the female dull gray. Indigenous habitats are, apparently, mountain forests. However, the bird is fully adapted to life in the cultural landscape and settles in gardens, parks, hedgerows, etc. e., at its Canary home of migratory birds, and only in the south leads a sedentary life. Eats mostly small seeds, soft greens and juicy figs. Highly He loves to swim. Bird flies in flocks to the water to drink and bathe at They strongly moistened plumage. Jacks suit on trees. In laying 3-5 eggs. Female incubates. The male is the whole nesting period usually sits at the ends branch and sings. Song of the wild canary nice, but poorer and less sonorous than home. Wild forms compared to household do not have such diversity painting and singing.
The name of the bird got from the name of the group The Canary Islands, where they took out the Spanish colonizers. These islands were center of fishing and removal of canaries, although wild canaries and met on the island Madeira and the Cape Verde Islands. Four hundred years ago, the canary did not differ variety of shapes, color and song, which are renowned for their domestic descendants. Unpretentiousness canaries and fashion overseas curiosities made this bird in its currently very popular among Spanish young people. Having considered this bird sign of good taste. For singers we paid a lot of money. Due to the rapid the development of maritime glory of those birdies soon reached many European countries. But it was still a rare bird canary 15-16 centuries in Europe and very appreciated expensive. Buy it can only wealthy people. Gradually began canaries bred people of different classes and professions.
Capacity learn from the songs of other birds, the relative simplicity of breeding and We did canary favorite person. Of particular interest to the canary came after how in plain green offspring of birds were yellow birds coloring. This conversion is associated with a change in living conditions, It occurred almost simultaneously in many European countries in the 17th century. This gave a boost to the development of breeding work. great multitude of different breeds have been derived and color forms. Among them there are canaries white, yellow and variegated canaries normal addition and birds on the disproportionately high legs with a special feather collars. Fans from different countries are breeding canaries in accordance with their tastes. The British were able to deduce the original variety of shapes and colors, such as "humpbacked", orange-red with dark green wings (Nervously), giant Manchester. Black canary brownish-green color - it's a bird, the wild canary color safety. They are strong, durable, good singing. Some fans, however, consider them to be singing too loud. Bright yellow canary — «shafranistye» — appeared blood admixture resulting colored canaries. They are fertile, but less dark and less able to sing. The colorful canary withdrawn Russian kanarovodom mating and lemon green birds. They are hardy, good singers. Russian and German kanarovodom prefer large light yellow (whitish) canaries.
In Germany, the breeding center canaries became Adreasberg on Harz. Famous gartskie or Tyrolean canaries dudochnym famous melody echoes the Tyrolean songs. such a birds singing taught using dudochek and organ is. Breeding and Training Secret canaries passed from generation to generation.
In Russia canary brought from Germany in the 17th century. In Russia until 1917 it was one of the kanarovodstvo a very significant source of side income of the population. Kanarovodstvom involved in areas such as Smolensk, Tula, Kaluga, Bryansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Ivanovo. His "canary plants" famous village of Pavlovsk in the Nizhny Novgorod region, Linen Factory in Kaluga Region and small county towns of Bryansk province - Starodub, Surazh and Novozybkov. divorce canaries hundreds and thousands of pieces and sold in Nizhny Novgorod, Kaluga, Smolensk and other fairs. We bought them mainly Iranians and residents Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Home canary sings almost all year round under normal circumstances, for except during molting (August). The best singing is in the spring, starting in February - March.
Canary belongs to the group songbirds, whose song is made up of so-called tribes. The more song of various tribes, the more varied song, the bird is valued higher. Most birds sing to 14-15 different tribes. Good considered birds, repertoire which 10-12 knees. A good song is a melodious singer and It begins with a so-called "tee". These sounds remind the urge swift in flight. We especially appreciated by lovers of this trill, if it is repeated 3 or 4 times that are equal in length, with a melodious sound. Besides a variety of songs, singing canaries and valued voice itself: it must be clean, strong, but not harsh, not loud and screaming, ringing, but not sharp and delicate.